Today, one in five people still do not have access to safe drinking water and more than half of the diseases in the Lower Shire are caused by unclean water. Lack of access to improved water and sanitation and poor hygiene behaviors are the principal causes of water-related diseases such as diarrhoea and cholera.
- Ensure communities have access to adequate WASH resources.
- Educate communities on hygiene practices, water storage and water rights.
- Mobilize local community resources and elect community water committees.
- Increase awareness on the use of water drainage systems.
- Ensure the District Water Department assists with training facilitators to repair and maintain water points.
In the Chikwawa and Nsanje district there is a lack of access to adequate healthcare. Malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea, HIV/AIDS and TB affect many communities. Child mortality rates are high and life expectancy is low. Recurring droughts in the region means many children suffer from malnutrition and stunted growth. People living with HIV/AIDS continue to face stigma and discrimination in accessing Antiretroviral Treatment (ART).
- Train community health workers to provide health education, counselling and care.
- Establish home based care committees and safe motherhood programs.
- Promote HIV/AIDS testing and counselling and ensure patients have access to ART.
- Encourage patients to visit hospitals instead of using traditional methods.